Army Chemical Review

SUMMER 2013

Army Chemical Review presents professional information about Chemical Corps functions related to chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, smoke, flame, and civil support operations.

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capabilities, technologies, and doctrine have resulted in overlapping and sometimes redundant efforts. As shown in Figure 1, CBRN is a key enabling capability spanning several UE core operational activities. Establishing commonalities in doctrine, training, materiel, leadership and education, and personnel within the designated activities allows for the broader and deeper employment of CBRN exploitation capabilities. Ongoing CBRN UE Efforts In the early 2000s, the U.S. Special Operations Command established its program of record for special-operations forces site exploitation to effectively defne, organize, and develop exploitation-related capabilities. Under the program, the following levels of exploitation were established: ● Level 1: Operator. ● Level 2: Operator–advanced. ● Level 3: Technical exploitation. ● Level 4: Exploitation Analysis Center. ● Level 5: Exploitation Analysis Center–advanced. Higher levels represent an increased capacity for technical expertise and reachback support. Figure 2 provides a generic summation of the special-operations forces model of exploitation capability, including the levels, their relationships, and the relative weight of effort for each core operational activity. The objective of the concept is to build the greatest capacity and fdelity for exploitation at the lowest level that can be matured through fusion at higher levels. The model can be used to create a greater decision advantage. This advantage is a result of the individual site exploitation element providing advice to a tactical commander through strategic decisionmakers who receive summary all-source analyses. The primary focus of special-operations forces CBRN units within the program of record is serving as exploitation enablers in addition to flling their traditional reconnaissance and decontamination roles. Each special-forces group has an assigned chemical reconnaissance detachment and an organic chemical decontamination detachment. The chemical reconnaissance detachment provides direct and general exploitation support to operational detachments and other specialoperations forces. The chemical decontamination detachment provides general exploitation support to a special-operations task force. In the special-operations forces exploitation model, the chemical reconnaissance detachment correlates to exploitation Level 3 and the chemical decontamination detachment correlates to exploitation Levels 4 and 5. While Figure 1. UE core operational activities and enabling capabilities4 20 Army Chemical Review

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