Army Chemical Review

SUMMER 2013

Army Chemical Review presents professional information about Chemical Corps functions related to chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, smoke, flame, and civil support operations.

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Doctrine Update U.S. Army Maneuver Support Center of Excellence Capabilities Development Integration Directorate Concepts, Organization, and Doctrine Development Division Number Title Date Status Joint Publications The U.S. Army Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear School (USACBRNS) is not the proponent for joint publications (JPs). However, the Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) Doctrine Branch; Concepts, Organization, and Doctrine Development Division; Capabilities Development Integration Directorate; U.S. Army Maneuver Support Center of Excellence, is often a key stakeholder and sometimes the lead U.S. Army agent for a JP. Five JPs affect the development or revision of tactical-level CBRN publications. JP 3-11 Operations in Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) Environments 26 Aug 08 Under revision. Will be published 1st quarter, fscal year (FY) 2014. JP 3-11 will no longer be focused purely on passive defense, which is based on a new defnition of the CBRN environment as "an operational environment that includes CBRN threats and hazards and their potential resulting effects." Rather than dwelling on postevent hazards that require reactions, the focus will be on preevent threats and hazards that allow proactive measures. JP 3-11 will also include information about the new, validated, approved concepts of hazard awareness and understanding and contamination mitigation. JP 3-27 Homeland Defense 12 Jul 07 Under revision. The fnal draft is expected summer 2013. JP 3-27 provides information across the range of military operations (including interorganizational coordination, planning, and mission command) that is required to defeat external threats to, and aggression against, the homeland—or other threats, as directed by the President. The scope of the current revision has been narrowed by replacing the phrase defense of the U.S. homeland with homeland defense. Presidential and Secretary of Defense guidance has evolved signifcantly since 2007, thereby affecting relationships between the federal government and state and local jurisdictions with regard to unifed action. JP 3-27 covers the federal and state interagency coordination of roles that are unique to homeland defense and then refers to JP 3-08, Interorganizational Coordination During Joint Operations, for more detailed guidance. JP 3-27 also addresses the dual roles of the Army National Guard in federal and state chains of command and explains how those roles affect homeland defense. JP 3-28 Civil Support 14 Sep 07 Under revision. The fnal draft is expected summer 2013. JP 3-28 provides overarching guidelines and principles to assist commanders and staffs in planning, conducting, and assessing defense support of civil authorities (DSCA). It introduces the principle of civilian agencies being in charge of the domestic operations that receive military support. It also discusses the unique command relationships and coordinating processes to be used when operating in DCSA capacity. Finally, JP 3-28 discusses selected aspects of supporting and sustaining the joint force during these specifc types of operations. Major changes from the previous version include replacing the term civil support with the term DSCA and replacing the term National Response Plan with the term National Response Framework. JP 3-40 Combating Weapons of Mass Destruction 10 Jun 09 Under revision. The fnal draft is expected summer 2013. The JP 3-40 revision effort is being synchronized with that of the soon-to-be-published National Defense Strategy to Counter Weapons of Mass Destruction (NDS-CWMD).1 Major changes include replacing the term combating weapons of mass destruction (WMD) (struggling with or fghting) with the term countering WMD (embarking on efforts to counterproliferate the development, use, and means of delivery, including efforts to minimize or negate the effects of an event). This is important, as the CBRN community has struggled to acquire a common lexicon since combating/countering WMD rose to the forefront of national concern. The focus of the framework will no longer be on the eight military mission areas,2 but rather on a series of strategic approaches. Sections describing the Countering Terrorism Campaign and explaining how countering WMD relates to DSCA are also being added. This is a signifcant addition, since combating/countering WMD considerations for the continental United States have not previously been incorporated. JP 3-40 will continue to focus on "left of boom" (dissuade, deter, disrupt) proactive measures. JP 3-41 Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Consequence Management 21 Jun 12 Current. JP 3-41 now focuses only on CBRN. It includes a new framework for CBRN response, elevates consequence management to a federal government level of effort, and aligns joint doctrine with the Department of Defense (DOD) contribution to consequence management. This publication introduces three subsets of consequence management (domestic CBRN, foreign, and DOD-led) and discusses the roles and responsibilities of the subsets and the differences between them. JP 3-41 also introduces the DOD chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear response enterprise (CRE), an integrated Regular Army and Reserve Component approach to CBRN response. When directed by the Secretary of Defense3 and the state governor,4 the DOD CRE conducts CBRN response operations in support of civil authorities responding to CBRN incidents within the United States and its territories to save lives and minimize human suffering. Multi-Service Publications The USACBRNS is the U.S. Army proponent and lead agent for nine tactical-level, multi-Service publications. Seven of the publications are sponsored by the Joint Requirements Offce for CBRN Defense (J-8), Joint Chiefs of Staff. FM 3-11 MCWP 3-37.1 NWP 3-11 AFTTP 3-2.42 Multi-Service Doctrine for Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Operations 1 Jul 11 Current. Will be revised in the near future due to revisions in national strategy and joint doctrine. The revision timeline will be based on guidance from the Joint Requirements Offce and a decision from all four Services. FM 3-11 is the only feld manual for which the USACBRNS is the lead agent. It focuses on combating WMD, discusses the strategic pillars and tactical objectives, and translates the military mission areas into eight tactical tasks. This represents a huge paradigm shift for the CBRN community. Our focus moves toward the more proactive role of conducting or supporting active defense, interdiction operations, offensive operations, and elimination operations and away from the reactive role of passive defense (including avoidance, protection, and decontamination). Summer 2013 57

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